Rafah is a city in the Gaza Strip which borders Egypt and is the target of Israel's land invasion. Photo/Reuters
GAZA – The city of Rafah is now an area targeted by Israel in its fight against Hamas. The Zionist invasion plan for this city then received criticism from various parties, especially Egypt.
Israel carried out this attack plan because they claimed there were four Hamas brigades present in Rafah. Making them intensively carry out air and ground attacks on the city.
From this Israeli action, Egypt has reportedly moved 40 tanks and armored personnel carriers to the Gaza border to stop the potential impact of an Israeli ground attack.
Egypt has firmly stated that if Israel insists on invading the Rafah area, Cairo will suspend the peace agreement between the two countries which has been in effect since 1979.
5 Rafah City Facts
1. Location of Rafah City
Rafah City is located in the south of the Gaza Strip, Palestine. Precisely 30 kilometers southwest of Gaza City. This area is often used as a refugee camp when there is conflict between Israel and Palestine.
The city of Rafah is also the site of the Rafah Border Crossing, the only crossing point between Egypt and the State of Palestine.
2. City History
From the mid-1930s, the British increased border controls and Rafah developed into a small border town that served as a trade and services center for the semi-sedentary Bedouin population.
After the Armistice Agreement of 24 February 1949, Rafah was located in Egyptian-occupied Gaza and as a result, the Gaza-Egypt border no longer existed.
However, this city fell into Israeli hands after the country won the Six Day War in 1967.
Until 1979, Israel and Egypt signed a peace agreement that returned the Sinai, which borders the Gaza Strip, to Egyptian control. In the Peace Agreement, the redrawn Gaza-Egypt border was drawn across the city of Rafah.
3. Many tragedies occur
In the summer of 1971, the IDF, under General Ariel Sharon, destroyed approximately 500 houses in the Rafah refugee camp to make way for patrols for Israeli troops. The destruction displaced nearly 4,000 people.
Then in 1989, five civilians were shot by Israeli border soldiers in Rafah. Then in 2004, the Israeli government led by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon approved the mass demolition of houses in Rafah.
4. Many Palestinians are pressed into the city of Rafah
Reporting from Al Jazeera, Rafah Palestine has an area of 64 square km (25 square miles) and, as Israel attacked Gaza over the past four months, more and more people were herded into this border area.