Hospital illustration. (Shutterstock)
Himedik.com – In emergency situations, the ability to provide help to others is very important. This includes providing assistance in situations such as cardiac arrest due to an accident or natural disaster. One of the skills that is really needed in this context is Basic Life Support (BHD).
BHD is a series of actions aimed at restoring respiratory and circulatory function in victims who experience cardiac arrest due to respiratory problems or obstruction of the respiratory tract.
In his statement, Dr. Nita Julita Cindaya, Head of the Emergency Room at Siloam Mataram Hospital, explained the importance of BHD training for the participants. This training is designed so that they can provide assistance appropriately.
Cardiac Arrest Illustration – what is cardiac arrest (Freepik)
The basic principles in BHD include three main steps. First, focus on managing pulse, heart rate and blood pressure (circulation). Second, make sure the victim’s airway is not blocked. And third, treat the patient’s breathing problems or breathing patterns.
“The first step that must be taken is to first ensure that the environment is safe for the victim and those providing assistance. Then ensure that the victim responds or does not respond. If it is an emergency, immediately call an ambulance or ask for help from someone who is more responsive or who has the facilities to take the victim to nearest hospital,” said doctor Nita Julita, explaining in detail,” said Nita
For those who have mastered BHD, the next step is to confirm the victim’s pulse by checking the carotid pulse in the neck while checking chest movement and airway. If possible, give chest compressions according to the instructions that have been taught.
In the Respiratory Assistance material, it is recommended to use breathing aids such as bag masks and ensure that there are no gaps between the mask and the patient’s face. Each rescue breath should be done with a delay of five to six seconds.
Doctor Nita also explained how to treat airway obstruction or choking, including the signs and steps to overcome this problem. This involves back blows and abdominal thrust techniques (Heimlich maneuver).
Darmawati Arifin, Head of the NTB BPJS Employment Services Division, expressed her appreciation for the BHD training organized by Siloam Mataram Hospital. This is a form of support and concern for the community and the importance of training like this for readiness to face crisis situations.
BHD training provides practical knowledge for participants in handling emergency situations. This knowledge not only benefits themselves, but also helps those around them. It is hoped that participants will become individuals who are better prepared and able to face various crisis situations calmly and effectively.