Humanitarian crises in the world are generally caused by war. Photo/Reuters
WASHINGTON – In 2023, the threat of economic recession is still hanging over many countries, unemployment is increasing, food crises, and armed conflicts are threats due to many disasters. All of this has resulted in a humanitarian crisis that has resulted in suffering for hundreds of millions of people.
Moreover, many countries around the world continue to grapple with decades of conflict and the devastating effects of climate change have never been handled properly. The fences that once kept such crises from spiraling out of control—including peace treaties, humanitarian aid, and accountability for violations of international law—have been weakened or dismantled.
The human and economic costs of these crises and disasters are unequal. Countries in this alarming position make up only 13% of the global population. However, 90% of people in the country are in need of humanitarian assistance and 81% of people are forced to flee.
The following are 10 10 countries that are likely to face a humanitarian crisis in 2023 according to the International Rescue Committee.
10. Ukraine: The war created the world’s largest displacement crisis
The war in Ukraine has sparked the world’s fastest and largest displacement crisis in recent decades. According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), it has placed Ukraine on its Watch List for the first time since 2017.
Many are still in the country facing winter without access to food, water, healthcare and other essential supplies. The conflict also continues to have ripple effects around the world.
The conflict will continue into 2023, with Ukrainians facing an increased risk of injury, illness and death. A Russian missile attack can leave millions of people without water, electricity and heating in winter. 6.5 million Ukrainians have been internally displaced, while more than 7.8 million are refugees across Europe.
9. Haiti: Gang violence and climate change combine to create chaos
Haiti made the top 10 Watch List as political instability and gang violence spiked after the assassination of President Jovenel Moise in 2021.
Armed criminal groups regularly control distribution channels, causing shortages of basic goods and fuel. Rising prices are making it more difficult for people to buy food they have access to.
Meanwhile, climate shocks and the first cholera outbreak in three years are weighing on critical health and sanitation systems.