This study would help to know whether other planets in the universe have rings revolving around them, such as Saturn.
Never before had astronomers observed such a phenomenon in our solar system, amid expectations that it would be caused by an interaction between the planet and its surrounding rings.
Astronomers from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center supported this hypothesis.
A study published in the Planetary Science Journal, which specializes in planetary and astronomy affairs, stated that scientists detected a significant increase in ultraviolet radiation in Saturn’s atmosphere.
The study showed that an increase in the level of these rays means that the upper part of the atmosphere was exposed to an external factor that led to an increase in heat.
The researchers suggested that this matter be due to the influence of tiny meteorites and particles of solar wind, ultraviolet radiation, and electromagnetic forces that carry dust with an electric charge.
It is possible that the fall of these elements on Saturn has caused the transformations that the study talked about.
The researchers believe that the most likely explanation is that the icy particles associated with the rings fall into Saturn’s atmosphere, leading to an increase in heat.
The spacecraft called “Cassini” monitored the components of the atmosphere of Saturn in 2017.
And the exploration process showed, at that time, that many particles fell into the atmosphere of Saturn, and their source is the rings surrounding it.
The researcher in astronomy, Lutfi Ben Javel, who is one of the participants in the study, said that the precipitation of these particles causes changes in the atmosphere of Saturn, and also leads to a change in the composition in general.