Sudan and Israel agreed to normalize relations. Sudan was previously an anti-Israeli Islamic state. Photo/Sudan Sovereignty Council Press Office/Handout via REUTERS
KHARTOUM – For 30 years, Sudan has become a country with an Islamic government. But in September 2020, the country decided to go secular as part of a peace deal between the government and the rebels.
Now, Sudan is making new history again by agreeing to normalize relations with Israel .
In 2020, the rebel group North-Sudan People’s Liberation Movement agreed to make peace with the government camp and form a transitional government.
Sudan’s transitional government agreed to separate religious affairs from the state, practically ending 30 years of Islamic rule in the North African country.
Also read: Agree to Strengthen the Peace Agreement, Sudan-Israel Toward Normalization of Relations
“For Sudan to be a democratic country where the rights of all citizens are enshrined, the constitution must be based on the principle of ‘separation of religion and state’, otherwise the right to self-determination must be respected,” the deal document said.
The deal comes less than a week after the government signed a peace deal with rebel forces that raised hopes of ending the fighting that engulfed Darfur and other parts of Sudan under ousted dictator Omar al-Bashir.
The two larger factions in the North-Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement, which has been fighting Sudanese troops in the country’s border states, have refused to sign any agreement that does not guarantee a secular system.
Sudan is emerging from the international isolation that began soon after Bashir seized power in 1989 and adopting a hardline interpretation of Islamic law that seeks to make the country the “pioneer of the Islamic world”.
The US had designated Sudan as a state sponsor of terrorism in 1993, then imposed sanctions until 2017.
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