Several countries in the world do not have rivers. Photo/SKY History
JAKARTA – There are countries in the world that do not have rivers. These countries that do not have rivers usually have areas in the form of deserts. In addition there is no water flow to create rivers, with low rainfall and water resources. Rivers play an important role in human life. Here are the countries that have no rivers.
Yemen is located at the tip of the Arabian peninsula. This country is bordered by the Sultanate of Oman to the east, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the north, the Arabian Sea to the southeast, the Gulf of Aden to the south, and the Red Sea to the west. Yemen is a semi-arid country in the Middle East. In this country, there are no rivers. Sources of water obtained depend on rainwater to groundwater.
2. United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates is in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia. This country has groundwater, but cannot meet water needs. To meet water needs, the source of water comes from the desalination process and recycled waste water. Desalination is the process of removing salt from brine sources.
3. Arab Saudi
Saudi Arabia is located on the Arabian Peninsula. On the west, the country is bordered by the Red Sea, while on the east by the Arabian Gulf. The country currently led by King Salman bin Abdulaziz has no rivers. They use the water around the oasis to meet their water needs. Apart from that, Saudi Arabia is making desalination processes, recycling wastewater, and collecting rainwater.
Libya is a desert country without rivers. This country is also one of the driest places on earth. In Libya, the rainfall is very low. This country in North Africa still has groundwater to meet its water needs. Apart from that, Libya also utilizes the water around the oasis, other small water sources, to carry out the seawater desalination process.
Djibouti is a country located in East Africa. This country not only has permanent rivers, there are only a number of wadis or inlets that can be filled with water during the rainy season. As much as 95% of the country’s water supply comes from groundwater. Mostly used in urban and irrigation areas. In addition, Djibouti also uses the desalination process to meet its water needs.
Most of the Maldives is flat and has no land features such as hills. This island country located in southern Asia, in the Arabian Sea region in the Indian Ocean, also has no rivers. To meet their needs, the community uses fresh water that comes from the ground or from the rain that falls. The government built a rainwater harvesting system that uses ultrafiltration to treat rainwater.