Xi Jinping at the 20th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
On the Italian night, the 20th congress of the Chinese Communist Party began in Beijing. About 2,300 delegates from all over China gathered in the Great Hall of the People on the west side of Tiananmen Square. The congress was opened, of course, by President Xi Jinping, followed by his predecessor Hu Jintao, party elders – such as 105-year-old Song Ping – and current members of the Politburo Standing Committee.
In his speech, the Chinese president repeatedly underlined the words “risks” and “challenges”. A Congress that comes “at a critical moment in which the entire Party and people of all ethnic groups are engaged in building a modern socialist country”. “China’s international influence, attractiveness and power have increased significantly.” Then he warned of a more unstable international environment, saying that China must be prepared to face “strong winds, high waves and even dangerous storms”.
The president then touched on several issues. Covid: “We have protected people’s lives. China has achieved significant positive results in coordinating the prevention and control of epidemics with economic and social development ”. Corruption which “is the biggest tumor that damages the vitality and strength of the Party”. Hong Kong which is now ruled by “patriots”: carried “from chaos to order”. “One country, two systems has proven to be the best institutional mechanism for Hong Kong and Macao and must be respected in the long term”.
One of the most anticipated points was the one about Taiwan: “We have demonstrated our ability to oppose separatism, independence and foreign interference”. He said that Beijing wants peaceful reunification, but also reiterated that “we will never give up the right to use force” if necessary to achieve “reunification”. Which will be “realized”. “We will take all necessary measures to stop all separatist movements. Resolving the Taiwan issue is a business of the Chinese people and it is up to the Chinese people to decide. We insist on seeking a prospect of peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and best efforts, but we will never promise to give up the use of force and reserve the option to take all necessary measures ”.
Xi Jinping then spoke about improvements for the Armed Forces. “China will accelerate the construction of a world-class army and strengthen its ability to build a strategic deterrence capability. We will intensify military training in combat conditions in all areas to ensure that our armed forces are capable of fighting. We will innovate the new military strategic guide and develop strategies and tactics, we will establish a strong strategic deterrence system ”.
Energy and the environment were also central to Xi’s speech. He said China will promote green, low-carbon development and improve pollution controls. “Ecological and environmental protection has undergone a historic change: the skies are bluer, the mountains are greener and the water is clearer”. His country, one of the biggest polluters in the world, will continue to work against global warming, he said. “We will actively participate in global governance on climate change”.