The electric car does not like the cold
to the batteries they don’t like the cold. And anyone can see it when battery-powered devices (phone, tablet, photo camera, video, browsers…) are exposed to low temperatures: they work less well, lose efficiency and deplete their energy charge more quickly.
Thus, in the modern electric car the same thing happens and the cold not the best partner possible. And, to avoid it as much as possible, some measures must be taken. Almost all of them have lithium ion batteries, which need to be at a temperature above zero degrees Celsius in order to work properly. And, in general, electric vehicles (EVs) can lose around 20% to 30% of their autonomy due to the cold.
It is in this sense that, in order to have the best facilities for the use of our car, you should know that you have to take more careful care of your vehicle. and this is worth for all cars; Whether you have the latest model in the Tesla range, the Polestar, Audi… or if it is one of less considered features. But how can we do it?
We may lose greater autonomy
So, with the massive increase in electric car sales in recent years – in fact, at current figures there are 12% more new electric cars on the roads so far, and all of them are in their first winter. The big question facing those owners will be: how much will my electric vehicle’s range plummet in the cold?
The answer is: it depends. There is no exact science, but there are some trends that we can look out for. All electric vehicles will have a shorter range in winter, due to a combination of the way the cold affects the battery and the simple fact that the heating will be higher and longer.
So much so that when it’s cold, whether it’s winter or not, we can have a loss of up to 200 km of autonomy and doing exactly the same thing. This is because, when temperatures are low enough, the physical movement of chemicals within the battery, which release their electrons to generate an electrical current, slows down and therefore less current is produced. As we know, all the elements that are part of an electric car are powered by the energy that is stored in the battery: lighting, comfort systems, the screen, the instrument panel if it is digital… without forgetting, of course, the engine. .
How should you protect it?
How can we avoid the effects of cold? The most advisable thing is to park the car in a car park or a place protected from low temperatures. To this must be added another important factor: keep the battery at its maximum level, although we are not going to make a journey soon. If you don’t have your own recharging point, recover its capacity before returning home.
It is also advisable that, if we have connected the car to the network to charge it, the process ends at least An hour before starting, since the heat generated during the transfer of energy will help start the car more easily and without consuming so much electricity.
Parking this way is important because you will have to invest less energy when it comes to defrosting the windscreen, the mirrors, the windows or the rear window. This process is carried out thanks to the heating, which will consume battery power until it reaches the optimum temperature. Not surprisingly, you can lose 50 kilometers with this alone.
Manufacturers are aware of these limitations of electric cars and plug-in hybrids, so that is why they include in their air conditioning systems a function that is usually only available in high-end cars, but in PHEVs and electric cars it is available in practically all, even in the most basic. We are talking about the system that allows set the time to which we are going to take the car so that the passenger compartment is already at the optimum temperature. This will do this because, in addition to the fact that when we take the car it will already be warm and we will feel much more comfortable in it, the energy expenditure during the journey is greatly reduced and, therefore, we increase the autonomy of the electric car.