Smoking, 880 thousand people died in Italy in 10 years
Over the past 10 years they have died from the cigarette smoke at least 880 thousand people in Italy alone and around 7 million in Europe: avoidable deaths. 10 years after the publication of the best seller ‘101 reasons for not smoking’ (Guerini publisher), the authors and members of the Mohre Scientific BoardMediterranean Observatory for Harm Reduction in Medicine, take stock of the new discoveries starting from the analysis of the context: “Something has changed in the last decade and it is not reassuring – he says Oscar Bertetto, medical oncologist former director of the Piedmont and Valle d’Aosta Oncology Network – We have noticed an increase in the incidence of cancer in women, especially lung and bladder. Although mainly men get sick, it is women who risk their lives the most because in women the diagnosis is too often late “. And” the increase in cases among women is largely explained by the growing number of smokers “.
Smoking, 40,800 diagnosed with lung cancer in 2020
Estimates Airtum (Italian association of cancer registries) speak of 40,800 new diagnoses of lung cancer in 2020 (27,500 in men and 13,300 in women), recalled by Mohre. The bladder cancer it is the fifth most frequent form of cancer in Italy, with about 27,100 new cases diagnosed in 2018 in our country: 21,500 among men and 5,600 among women. Smokers are 4 to 5 times more likely to get sick than non-smokers. Women also find it more difficult to quit smoking and in doing so we risk losing the benefit of new and targeted therapies in terms of healing and survival.
Smoking increased during the pandemic
“First of all, the pandemic has led to an increase in the number of smokers, almost a million more than the 2021 ISS data. But unlike 10 years ago we have a huge amount of data regarding the safety of electronic cigarette and its potential as a harm reduction tool, but this advantage is maintained only if its use is exclusive. On the other hand, if the e-cig is used only to circumvent the prohibitions and its use is contemporary and ‘dual’ to that of traditional cigarettes, the benefits are nullified “, he warns. Fabio Beatricedirector of the Mohre Scientific Board.
Smoking, the cardiologist warns: “With exclusive switch to e-cig -30 / 40% cardiovascular risk”
He joins Beatrice’s warning Patrizia Noussanprimary of Cardiology of the San Giovanni Bosco hospital in Turin and member of the board of the Observatory: “A recent study published in ‘Circulation‘, the journal of the American Heart Association – highlights – concluded that there are no significant differences due to the exclusive use of electronic cigarettes compared to non-smokers, while dual use brings back the risk of those who smoke only burnt tobacco “. Conclusion emerged from the analysis of the data of the Path cohort study which involved 24,027 cases over the age of 18. In particular, the switch to electronics was associated with a 30-40% lower risk of cardiovascular events.
He also intervenes in the debate Giacomo Mangiaracinapresident ofNational Agency Anp for prevention and Mohre member: “We can’t forget the kids starting out,” he notes. “Obstructing initiation could be easier than curing an addiction. Anti-smoking actions are the key to understanding whether a state can protect the very young. Australia and New Zealand have been teaching us for some years how to can invest energy and strategies to eradicate tobacco consumption. From them – he concludes – a pack of cigarettes costs more than 18 dollars “.
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