During the launch ceremony, Thursday, Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly said that his country is one of the countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, although it is one of the least polluting countries in the world.
To mitigate the impact of these changes, Environment Minister Yasmine Fouad explained during her speech at the ceremony that the national strategy will contribute to facilitating the process of planning and managing climate change at different levels, in a way that supports the achievement of the country’s economic and development goals, following a low-emissions approach.
The National Climate Change Strategy in Egypt 2050 consists of 5 main objectives from which sub-goals emerge, the first main objective being to achieve sustainable economic growth and low-emission development in various sectors, the second to build resilience and adaptability to climate change and mitigate the negative effects associated with climate change, and the third to improve Governance and management of work on climate change.
The fourth objective is to improve climate finance infrastructures, promote domestic green banking and green credit lines, as well as promote innovative financing mechanisms that prioritize adaptation actions.
Finally, the fifth major objective concerns the promotion of scientific research, technology transfer, knowledge management and awareness to combat climate change, facilitating the dissemination of relevant information, knowledge management among government institutions and citizens, and raising awareness about climate change among various stakeholders (policy and decision makers, citizens, students).
The mitigation programs included in the national strategy in all sectors cost $211 billion, while the total cost of adaptation programs is $113 billion, according to the Minister of Environment.
The “Egypt’s Sovereign Fund for Investment and Development” also participates by investing in green projects, such as the hydrogen and green ammonia production project in partnership with specialized international companies, as well as the project to produce railcars to support sustainable transportation efforts, and water desalination projects, as well as the fund’s joining the “One Planet” initiative. It is chaired by French President Emmanuel Macron, which includes a number of sovereign funds with the aim of supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
two parallel lines
The consultant on climate change and sustainable development, the former head of the climate change unit at the Ministry of Environment, Mr. Sabri, explained to “Sky News Arabia” that the Egyptian strategy is going in two parallel lines, namely reducing emissions by using modern means in all industrial, agricultural, energy and transportation sectors, and adapting to potential climate changes. In agriculture, water resources, coastal and coastal areas and health.
Sabri gave examples of implementing the Egyptian strategy, saying that each sector has a plan to implement it within it. For example, the plan of the Ministry of Water is to use technologies in irrigation, develop low-consumption crops, re-treatment of wastewater and lining canals.
With regard to the energy sector, the strategy will focus on the production of clean and renewable energy such as the sun and wind, and support for energy-saving devices. In the transport sector, Egypt has expanded mass transit, especially the subway and electric train, replacing gasoline with natural gas, and raising the efficiency of roads.
In the environment sector, waste was recycled, activities increased, and afforestation increased, in addition to launching many initiatives to promote the concept of sustainable development.