The misuse of technology and the Internet, and their harnessing to commit various cyber crimes, prompted the Egyptian government to issue a special law to combat these crimes in 2018.
Yasmine Sabry’s story
In the latest story in the world of “internet crimes” in Egypt, the artist, Yasmine Sabry, demanded compensation of 100,000 pounds from someone who threw her on Facebook.
However, the Egyptian judiciary ruled to punish the accused, Ayman Ibrahim Ahmed, who was accused of insulting and slandering her on Facebook, with one year in prison with hard labor, a bond of 10,000 pounds, a fine of 20,000 pounds, and referring the civil case to the competent civil court.
Since the incident, questions have increased about the Egyptian law on combating cybercrime, similar to the case of Sabri, and more severe than it.
According to the legal advisor and appeal lawyer and specialist in information security, Dina Al-Mokadam, who spoke to Sky News Arabia, this law is a qualitative leap in the field of laws governing cyberspace, especially in light of the spread of cybercrime, which needed a real pause, as it contradicts public morals. to the Egyptian community.
Al-Muqaddam explained that the penalties stipulated in the law will contribute to addressing the chaos of rumors that threaten national security, account hacking and attacks on private data.
She added, “The law against information technology crimes primarily targets sites that promote violence or encourage extremism and terrorism with fake accounts, given the increasing spread of these sites, which necessitated the need for the state to intervene through a law to address them, such as creating fake accounts to install fabricated images of girls and women via Hacking their accounts on social networking sites, and using them in indecent films, exposes them to sexual and financial blackmail, a serious crime that threatens the stability of many Egyptian families. Thousand pounds”.
Controls for establishing networks and communication services
The legal advisor indicated that: “The Telecommunications Regulatory Law regulates the process of establishing communication networks and services, and the law stipulates in Article 21 of it that it is not permissible to establish or operate communication networks, provide communication services to others, pass international phone calls, or advertise anything from This is without a license.
And the legal advisor continued: “The law sets deterrent penalties for anyone who tempts himself to violate these controls, and establishes Internet services without obtaining a license, as he is punished by imprisonment for a period of not less than 6 months and not more than 5 years, and a fine of not less than 50 thousand pounds and no exceeding EGP 500,000, or one of these two penalties.”
And Dina Al-Mokadam confirmed that the law stipulates that: “A penalty of imprisonment for a period of no less than 3 months and a fine of no less than 5,000 pounds and not more than 50,000 pounds, or one of these two penalties, shall be imposed on anyone who broadcasts, publishes, or records the content of a communications message or part of it. of it without having a legal basis for that, concealing, altering, obstructing or altering any communications message or part of it to which it has reached, or deliberately refraining from sending a communications message after being instructed to send it, or disclosing any information relating to users of communications networks or what they make or the communications they receive without any right.”
And she added that the law punishes with imprisonment and a fine of no less than 20,000 pounds and not more than 100,000 pounds, or one of these two penalties, whoever discloses, publishes or broadcasts any information obtained by virtue of his position or because of it about a facility operating in the field of telecommunications, whenever that would be necessary. That leads to unfair competition between establishments operating in this field.