From 1 January to 21 November of this year, 263 homicides were committed in Italy, with 109 women victims of which 93 were killed in the family / emotional environment; of these, 63 met death at the hands of their partner / former partner. This is what emerges from the latest update of the report “Voluntary homicides” edited by the Criminal Analysis Service of the Central Directorate of the Criminal Police, published online by the Interior Ministry. Compared to the same period last year, voluntary homicides increased by 2% (in 2020 they were 257), those with female victims by 8% (101 women killed last year until 21 November).
Crimes committed in the family / affective context are also growing (+ 5%), passing from 130 to 136 while female victims increase by 7% (they were 87 a year ago). The women victims of the partner or the ex this year are 7% more than the 59 of 2020. In the period 15-21 November 2021 11 murders were recorded, 9 of which committed in the family / emotional context; 6 female victims, 3 of which were killed by partners or ex.
Both in the two-year period 2019/2020 and in the periods January-October 2020/2021, women killed in the family / affective context are victims of partners or former partners with percentages that fluctuate around 70%. In the other cases they are almost always killed at the hands of parents or children (27% in the first ten months of 2020 and 23% in the first ten months of 2021), while the case of murders committed by other relatives is residual. As regards the modus operandi, in the period January-October 2021, as well as in the corresponding one of 2020, the use of improper weapons and / or sidearms is preeminent in the voluntary murders of women in the family / affective context (48 cases between January and October 2021 compared to 34 cases between January and October 2020). Firearms were used in 18 cases (23 in 2020).
In most cases, women victims of crimes of this kind are between 31 and 44 years old: 36% between January and October 2020 and 34% between January and October of this year; followed by victims aged between 18 and 30 years (22% in both periods) while both in the first ten months of 2020 and in the first ten months of this year, the percentage of underage victims stands at 8 %. With reference to nationality, the percentage of Italian victims reaches 80% in both periods under analysis. From the analysis of the foreign victims, it emerges that, both in the period January-October 2020 and in the similar period 2021, those of Romanian nationality predominate, followed by those of Moroccan, Albanian and Ukrainian nationality. “In this regard – observe the authors of the report – it is necessary to take into account the propensity to report, which is likely to differ according to different nationalities, familiarity with the Italian language and ease in dealing with institutions”.