This impressive and recurring phenomenon was documented by French astronaut Thomas Pesquet on August 20, and posted on his Twitter account a few days ago.
The stunning image was taken from the International Space Station 250 miles above Earth, and is among the best images of the aurora borealis ever taken.
Pesquet attached a comment to the photo he published, in which he said: “Another aurora, but it is distinguished as it is very bright, it is the full moon that illuminates the shadow side of the earth, almost like daylight.”
Pesquet did not specify where the aurora borealis are on the planet, or whether it was the aurora borealis or the australian southern lights.
What is the aurora borealis?
The aurora, a band of light on the dark side of Earth, occurs when charged particles from the magnetic field collide with atmospheric particles, and the resulting ionization of these particles creates the amazing dancing lights we call auroras.
To clarify the nature of the phenomenon and how it occurs, Yasser Abdel-Hadi, a professor in the Department of Sun and Space Research at the Institute of Astronomical and Geophysical Research in Egypt, says that solar storms – which result in the aurora borealis – are natural and usual, and occur due to solar activity, which never stops. The sun is a reactor A strong nuclear in which hydrogen turns into helium.
Abdel-Hadi adds to Sky News Arabia, that despite the presence of a strong magnetic field, sometimes solar winds that are primary particles such as electrons and protons, which are components of the atom, are called coronal mass, and reach the earth in a time ranging from minutes to hours, according to the speed and strength of the storm. .
And he continues: “Sometimes the solar wind heads in the direction of the Earth, and thanks to the ionosphere of the Earth, the solar winds are pushed to the north or south poles, and thus life is protected on the Earth’s surface, and what is known as the aurora borealis appears that illuminates the dark side of the Earth.”