The beautiful September days can be another time to set your tan and maintain that golden tone that’s hard to give up.
“There are several problems that may arise in this month based on the type of skin – explains Professor Sergio Noviello Health Director of the Sergio Noviello Cosmetic Surgery & BAT Center – such as summer acne that appears during the hottest months even if in the summer the acne itself initially seems to disappear. In fact, in the first weeks the sun has an anti-inflammatory action, the sea tends to dry out the pimples that the tan makes less visible. However, the improvement does not last long: the skin exposed to the sun in the medium term thickens and produces more sebum. All this, together with sweat, causes a sub-occlusion of the sebum channels with consequent inflammation, formation of blackheads and pustules. In addition, UVA and UVB rays promote inflammation, while the heat brings more blood to the face and with it a greater amount of hormones that stimulate the production of sebum. Due to the thickening of the epidermis, sebum and impurities are drained with difficulty “.
In any case, the skin must be helped with treatments that limit the damage caused by sun exposure. “Targeted protocols are needed – confirms Prof Noviello – light or deep peeling cycles based on salicylic, azelaic and mandelic acids with different concentrations based on the initial situation. In the presence of scarring, superfractionated CO2 LASER treatments can be associated with peels. Finally, biorevitalizations based on ‘booster’ substances such as Poly Deoxy Ribonucleotides with a regenerative, repairing and moisturizing function that help close the pores and make the skin healthier and more luminous ”.
Upon returning from vacation, tanning can give way to unsightly dark spots or sun lentigos. Prolonged sunbathing after more than a year of masks and different habits in everyday life related to lockdown and smart working, have altered the balance of our facial skin, starting for example with melanogenesis which can lead to accumulations of melanin in the most exposed. The sun contributes significantly to skin aging. If the much sought after suntan makes us feel more beautiful and fit, UVA and UVB rays together with solar heat significantly lower the skin’s natural defenses, causing dehydration, loss of tone and firmness of the tissues.
Is this when the first sunspots appear? How to deal with them? And how are they managed during the rest of the year?
“As we said – explains Noviello – on returning from vacation there are not rare cases in which skin spots of different types appear on the skin of the face and body (hands and décolleté in particular) despite a constant and scrupulous use of sun protection. It is essential to evaluate the nature and type of spots present (age of the patient, skin type, condition, area of the face or body to be treated). In general we can say that the ideal is to proceed with a combination of treatments that allow you to eliminate skin discoloration and pigmented spots: we start with a chemical peeling to exfoliate (from the most delicate to the strongest), eliminate sun spots, regenerate and light up. Afterwards, Q-SwitchedNd: Yag laser sessions can be fixed to effectively remove hypermelanosis, hyperchromias of blood origin and hypercarotenemias “.
If the tan is still present, how long can after sun be used?
“The warm but mild September sun can guarantee the prolongation of the tan for a long time with less stressful exposures (the temperatures are much softer). Fundamental to maintain the bronze complexion, hydrate yourself by drinking plenty of water and prefer foods rich in beta-carotene, such as carrots, artichokes, celery, broccoli, tomatoes, cucumbers and aubergines (as vegetables) and melons, strawberries, apricots and cherries (fruit). Hydration with after-sun and creams based on the type of skin and delicate exfoliation is necessary to eliminate dead cells and promote cell turnover to the benefit of any new exposure to the sun “.
Scrubs, masks, peelings: can they be done, resumed?
“Gentle scrubs are recommended when returning from vacation during the first weeks of September (especially if you are faced with the classic episodes in which ‘peels’). Whether or not you purposely expose yourself to the sun to prolong your tan, during the last weeks of summer the light and sun are still intense and the skin is exposed in any case. Gentle exfoliation with scrub and scrub (once a week) promotes cell turnover and prepares the skin making it more receptive to moisturizing creams and refreshing and soothing masks based on aloe, calendula, vitamins, hyaluronic acid. Depending on the type of skin, also evaluate masks based on vegetable carbon to reduce the excess sebum that follows exposure to the sun of those with oily or combination skin.
From the end of the month, on the other hand, when the temperatures drop and you begin to spend less time in the sun and in the open air, you can proceed with chemical peels “.
“The most superficial layer of the skin – concludes the professor – or stratum corneum, eliminates an infinite number of cells every day: through the chemical peeling it is possible to accelerate this natural exfoliation process. The result is a deep skin regeneration thanks to a controlled exfoliation that repairs the damage of photoaging and eliminates skin imperfections. The application of one or more substances capable of inducing an exfoliative reaction of the skin and the subsequent cell regeneration process is useful. They are classified into superficial, medium and deep and can also help eliminate medium and superficial wrinkles. They must be carried out in the office after an evaluation visit with an aesthetic doctor. Their function is also important to combat acne, dilated pores, dull skin, keratosis, superficial melasma “.
What are the most used substances?
“The substances currently most used for chemical peeling treatments are: Glycolic Acid, Mandelic Acid, Salicidic Acid, Lactic Acid, Pyruvic Acid, Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA), Jessner’s Solution. These acids are used in different concentrations according to the characteristics of each patient’s skin – and in the case of cycles – in a personalized way. The various sessions can in fact be spaced up to 4 weeks apart to allow the skin to complete the reparative process “.