In a recent study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, scientists reported that the party that controls state legislatures “has a close relationship with fluctuations in infant mortality rates and racial disparities in children’s health.”
The study monitored a substantial increase in infant and post-natal mortality rates, under the legislatures of the states controlled by the Republicans, compared to the legislative bodies that are outside the control of the Republicans.
The results also suggest that the effects “may be greater for black infants than for white infants.”
“These findings support the political hypothesis that social determinants of health are, at least in part, shaped by the conferred power of governments,” says lead author Javier Rodriguez of Claremont Graduate University.
“Many social and health obligations depend on decisions made by state representatives, and state legislatures are responsible for safety net programs, state minimum wages, and many other public goods and services that affect social determinants of health.”
Since the 1970s, the influence of “state governments” on population health has emerged due to patterns of decentralization, when states began to exercise control over social welfare programs, including factors that directly affect infant health.
The researchers studied how changes in party composition of state legislatures, as well as the House, Senate, and state affected infant and newborn mortality rates between 1969 and 2014.
They also analyzed each state’s annual unemployment rates, average female lifespan, birth rates and other sociodemographic data.
The research found that infant mortality was consistently higher under Republican-controlled state legislatures than non-Republican legislatures, with a 4.2 percent increase in infant mortality and an 8.1 percent increase in postnatal mortality.
The annual increase in the black infant mortality rate under Republican-controlled legislatures was 5.9 percent.
Bipartisan health care
While the researchers found no clear evidence that Republican governors influence infant mortality rates, the study suggests that these findings reflect “the disparity between the political positions of the two parties.”
To understand the results of this study more deeply, it is necessary to look at the positions of both parties. Democrat and Republican of health care.
Republicans support private health care systems, and are convinced that the regulation of the national health care system should not be entirely under government control.
In contrast, Democrats support universal public health care and believe that government should step in to help Americans who are struggling to make ends meet.