The four-year quarantine for police, military, judges and members of the Public Ministry, provided for in the Electoral Code approved by the Chamber yesterday, would have changed the configuration of the National Congress and barred the current vice president if the impediment was in force for the elections of 2018. The current text, however, still goes to the Federal Senate.
In the 2018 elections, more than 70 federal and state deputies were elected with some military rank, according to figures presented by the TSE (Superior Electoral Court) at the time. In all, more than 960 candidates with some military connection competed for elective positions in the election that elected President Jair Bolsonaro (no party).
Part of those who were elected, however, would have been prevented from running if the quarantine model had been in force at that time, as some of those elected had not left their respective forces four years earlier.
Vice President Hamilton Mourão, retired general, would be one of them: he could not have been part of the slate elected in 2018 if the quarantine had been in effect, since the ex-military man left the barracks in February of the election year.
Bancada da Bala
If quarantine was in effect in the last elections, the governing base would also be different, since the so-called “bullet bench” has, in its majority, congressmen allied with the Planalto Palace.
One of the parliamentarians who would have been affected, had the legislation been in force that year, is Katia Sastre (PL-SP). The deputy became known nationally after reacting to a robbery in front of a private school in Suzano (SP). The assailant was killed by the then corporal of the SP Military Police.
Having been impeached by her colleagues in the Senate, after being convicted by the TSE for Caixa 2 and “abuse of economic power” in the 2018 election campaign, senator Judge Selma (Podemos-MT), also would not have been elected with a quarantine in effect. Known as “I live in skirts”, she walked away from the magistracy when she was elected.
Elected for the second term, deputy Captain Fábio Abreu (PR-PI) was elected with 8.09% of the state’s votes (132,000 votes), but would also have been prevented from running for the elections. Deputy Major Fabiana (PSL-RJ) would also be affected.
Army Sub-lieutenant, Deputy Hélio Lopes (PSL-RJ), also known as Hélio Negão, is one of the main allies of the Bolsonaro government in the Chamber, but he left the Military Force in 2019, being still in service when he decided to run for election to the current function.
At the regional level, the district deputy and government leader in the CLDF (Legislative Chamber of the Federal District), Hermeto (MDB), would have been prevented from disputing the election. The local parliamentarian is away from the police corporation to exercise the function of deputy. In Rondônia, state deputy Cabo Jhony Paixão (PRB) would have been prevented from taking office in the state’s Legislative Assembly.
The amendment that provides for the removal from office and a quarantine for members of the listed categories to run for office was approved by the plenary by 273 votes to 211.
Reported by Congresswoman Margarete Coelho (PP-PI), the Complementary Bill No. 112/21, will still need to be approved by the Senate and sanctioned by Bolsonaro by the beginning of October for the new rules to take effect in the 2022 elections.
Through social networks, the president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG), signaled that the text could still be voted on in plenary in September.
“I expressed to deputies and senators the commitment to keep open the paths of dialogue on this issue of fundamental importance for Brazilian democracy so that we can decide, still this month, on the norms that will govern the next election,” he said.