Afghanistan, the new Taliban government: excluded women and supreme leader as in Iran
The Taliban are preparing to announce the formation of an Islamic government in Afghanistan, a few days after the end of the withdrawal of US forces from the country. The new Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan will be led by Haibatullah Akhundzada, the religious leader of the Islamist movement that conquered Kabul two weeks ago, at the end of a war that lasted 20 years.
According to reports from various international newspapers, Haibatullah will be the supreme leader of the Emirate, first proclaimed by the Taliban in 1996, when they began their first period in power that ended with the 2001 invasion. The role of Sheikh Haibatullah should be similar to that played by supreme leader Ali Khamenei in the Islamic Republic of Iran, in which the Ayatollah holds the role of head of state.
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the co-founder of the Taliban movement together with Mullah Omar, who led the negotiations concluded last year with the United States in Qatar, is expected to lead the government. Other top positions will instead be occupied by key elements of the movement, such as Sirajuddin Haqqani, head of the Haqqani network, and Mawlawi Mohammad Yaqub, son of Mullah Omar.
“The consultations on the formation of an inclusive Afghan government among the leaders of the Islamic Emirate, with the leaders of the previous government and other influential leaders have officially ended,” Bilal Karimi, a member of the Taliban cultural commission, told Bloomberg. “They have reached an understanding. We are going to announce a functioning council and government in a few days, not weeks, ”he added.
It is currently unclear whether members of the former executives, such as Hamid Karzai and Abdullah Abdullah, who have participated in negotiations with the Taliban in recent days, will also be part of the new government. As for the “inclusiveness” cited by members of the Islamist movement, the new government will probably not include women in it. In an interview with the BBC, the deputy head of the political office of the Taliban in Qatar Inayatulhaq Yasini said that women “may not” hold top positions or within the executive.
“Whatever the formula, it will undoubtedly be an Islamic government”, said Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid in an interview with China Global Television Network, the English-language channel of Chinese state TV, commenting on the negotiations for the formation of the new executive.