The report, which released preliminary data, built results after five years of assessment conducted by the UN Climate Change Panel (IPCC), which will be published in detail next year, entitled “Future Effects of Carbon Pollution on the Mediterranean Region”, as temperatures in this region intensified during This summer to record levels.
The report, which refers to the risks that may affect the Mediterranean population, whose numbers are more than half a billion people, which it called “highly interconnected climate risks” will appear in the coming decades at an accelerating pace, as it classified them as “reasons of concern related to the risk of sea level rise, along with Loss of terrestrial and marine biodiversity, and all risks related to drought, particularly wildfires, changes to the water cycle, endangered food production, health risks in both urban and rural settlements due to heat, and disease vector change.”
In the details of the draft report obtained by Sky News Arabia, experts expect temperatures across the Mediterranean to rise faster than the global average in the coming decades, threatening the vital agriculture, fisheries and tourism sectors in the region. The report warns that tens of millions of other residents will face increased risks from water shortages, coastal flooding and exposure to deadly heat.
Digitally, the draft gave an extremely pessimistic forecast. He stressed that rain-fed agricultural products in the Mediterranean region will decrease by 64 percent in the coming years, as a result of this phenomenon. It also identified 71 percent of the GDP of the population of this region will be threatened with loss as a result of the decline in fresh water levels.
The report also identified an 87 percent increase in the forest areas that would be exposed to fires in this region, if the temperature of this region rose by two degrees during the next twenty years, as the report expected, and that this increase would increase to three times the areas exposed to fires today, if The temperature rose three degrees.
The severe pollution cases that will result from that climate change in the Mediterranean region, will affect its entire geographical surroundings, as scientists have noted, for example, that the pollution of Turkish forests has reached the island of Cyprus. The report said that 657 million inhabitants of this region will live in permanent pollution, and that pollution will spread for hundreds of kilometers in the surrounding areas.
Professor of climatic geography Jamal Yardley, and one of the participants in preparing the draft Paris climate agreement in 2015, explained in an interview with Sky News Arabia the concerns of international experts about climate change in this particular region. There is also a factor linked to the political situation in that region, where the collapse of state networks helps to adopt primitive methods of energy use, especially the southern regions of the Mediterranean, and this region is the least following strategic policies to develop agriculture and increase the rates of cover agricultural”.