The United States of Joe Biden try to mend relations with thePalestinian National Authority without giving up almost unconditional support a Israel, whose attention is now turned more toIran and to regional balances in Middle East than to the pace, while the truce in progress with Hamas from last week to Gaza it still remains fragile.
The recent announcement by the Secretary of State Antony Blink of an upcoming reopening of US consulate general a Jerusalem to restore ties with i Palestinians, downgraded by the presidency of Donald Trump, seems to represent a step backwards by the White House from the previous administration, albeit rather shy.
For a long time this autonomous diplomatic office has been responsible for relations between Washington and the Palestinians as long as the former president Trump has not downgraded its activities by placing them under the authority of theAmerican embassy in Israel, transferred just to Jerusalem.
While not indicating any precise date for the reopening of the consulate, during their meeting on Tuesday 25 May a Ramallah with the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) flash he underlined how this move represents “an important way for our country to engage and provide support to Palestinian people“.
A support that is meant to be concrete. The US secretary of state has in fact announced the allocation of others $ 112 million in development grants and funding in West Bank it’s at Gaza, highlighting how this measure leads to further 360 million dollars the total of help that the administration Biden provided to the Palestinians in the last two months, effectively canceling the cuts decided by Trump.
Yet, precisely around these funds promised by the Usa to consolidate the truce between Israel e i Palestinians risks opening up a new front between Hamas and theAnp of Abu Mazen. Promising to “garner maximum international support” to help Gaza after the war, flash remarked how this aid will not be managed by Hamas, which has controlled the strip since 2007 following a military coup.
Hamas and thePalestinian National Authority they are bitter political rivals and the American diplomat has not explained how United States they intend to offer what Biden he called “urgent humanitarian assistance for the reconstruction of Gaza”Completely excluding the Islamic movement. Thus, the announcement of flash it seems more aimed at undermining Hamas and to resurrect theAnp in the strip that to provide effective aid to the population of the Palestinian coastal territory.
Not only. According to an unnamed Israeli Foreign Ministry official, quoted by New York Times, the US secretary of state allegedly suggested that the Tel Aviv government develop a parallel aid package to assist thePalestinian National Authority obtaining in return the strengthening of the Israeli coordination on security in West Bank.
A proposal for the moment sent back to the sender. In fact, the authorities of the Jewish state, according to the source cited by the US newspaper, would accept the plan only on condition that theAuthority Palestinian national team stop working with the International Criminal Court as part of an ongoing investigation into war crimes committed in the territories occupied by Israel since 1967 war.
Far from representing a substantial change of pace with respect to the administration Trump, the reopening of the channels of dialogue and economic aid between Washington and Palestinians from Biden it seems to have a very specific purpose: to support the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas in the internal struggle against Hamas and other factions like that of his rival, Mohammed Dahlan kicked out of the party Fatah, without retreating an inch from the fundamental issues for peace negotiations and confirming once again as an increasingly unbalanced mediator in favor of the Jewish state.
Despite having effectively canceled the cuts in aid to the Palestinians decided by the previous administration, the White House has in fact confirmed the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, leaving the very delicate question of Gerusalemme is as the capital of the Palestine, whose right to exist as a state remains a dead letter.
Despite asserting that “Palestinians and Israelis equally deserve to live in a safe and secure way and to enjoy freedom, prosperity and democracy in equal measure”, Biden has not yet dealt with the theme of occupied territories.
At the outbreak of the new violence, which lasted 11 days and cost both sides almost 290 deaths (mostly Palestinians) and over 77,000 displaced Gaza, the US administration has instead stressed several times the right to Israel to defend themselves, limiting themselves to expressing their “most sincere condolences to all families – Israeli and Palestinian – who have lost their loved ones”.
Washington also blocked any attempt by the Security Council of the United Nations to attribute to Israel responsibility for the recent escalation in the Gaza Strip, purposely fueled by Hamas based on eviction attempts in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah a Jerusalem, seen as part of a strategy aimed at expelling Palestinian residents from the eastern part of the holy city and altering its demographic composition.
In short, the American choice to timidly mend relations with thePalestinian National Authority, only minimally correcting the administration’s policy Trump, certainly does not promise to change the balance in Middle East nor does it in the least question Washington’s support for Tel Aviv in key issues for the negotiation.
The reasons for the friction between United States e Israel in fact, they do not concern the Palestinian question, but rather the restoration of relations with theIran and the exhumation ofnuclear agreement, sunk right by Trump and whose negotiations have been underway for a month a Vienna they seem to be making new progress.
A few hours before meeting with Abu Mazen, the secretary of state Antony Blink was received by the Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu, who first of all thanked the administration Biden for the help offered in the fight against Hamas, but without mincing words the support of Israel to the policies promoted by Donald Trump, in particular the rejection of theagreement on Iranian nuclear power and the normalization diplomatic relations between the Jewish state and the Arab countries.
This is now the most important match for the Israeli authorities, both in the region and in the contribution offered to the American political debate, much more than the Palestinian question now relegated to the margins – despite the propaganda – even by some Arab countries.
It is perhaps no coincidence that, in conjunction with the first diplomatic tour of flash in Middle East as secretary of state, in Israel his predecessor and former director of the Cia, Mike Pompeo, arrived in the Jewish state to participate in a celebratory event for the retirement of Yossi Cohen, director of the Mossad for over five years, which will be replaced by David Barnea, current number two of services.
Just Pompey is one of the most important critics of the diplomatic turn decided by Biden towards theIran and could even appear in the next Republican presidential primary, in case the candidacy of Donald Trump proved impossible.
“We discovered by working hard, quietly but resolutely that America’s words matter,” he explained to the press flash, making Jerusalem after talks with Abu Mazen. “America’s actions are important and America’s involvement is important.” Much more for the regional ambitions of Israel perhaps that for the pace.
Unless a firm commitment from the United States for the implementation of United Nations resolutions 242 of 1967 and 338 of 1973 and for the respect of international law, in fact, the efforts of the White House seem to aim at this to bring back i Palestinians. A goal, among other things, far from easy to achieve.
Read also: The Palestinian question and the cowardice of politics (by A. Di Battista)